A coaching client and I were on the phone discussing strategy for the upcoming California Bar Exam in July.
The good news was that his MBE scores from previous attempts were already on track to pass the bar exam in California. He consistently got scaled scores of over 1440.
(If you’re taking the exam elsewhere, you’re already halfway home free with a good MBE score according to the “tripod approach” I’ll describe in a bit.)
The issue was that he couldn’t consistently score well on the essays. The essays he thought were the best, he’d get a 55 on them. The essays he wrote fewer than 1,000 words and thought were his worst, he’d get a 65 or more.
Given his situation, I suggested a couple of approaches that would focus on a few key areas that would easily bring him over the hump to pass the California bar in July, once things “clicked” for him…
One of these is the basis for the Tripod Approach, which is a minimally effective approach where you focus on a few key portions when preparing for the California Bar Exam to get the largest return.
I asked him to consider these two approaches:
1) The “5-point insight”
This one is pretty simple.
Let’s say you have a deficiency in essay writing. Failing to organize, commingling the rules and application, lack of IRAC structure, itemizing the issues, expressing the rules accurately, etc.
Maybe each one by itself isn’t enough to make or break the essay. But stack these on top of one another, and you’re on your way to an essay no one wants to read.
Let’s say fixing them is worth an extra 5 points. If your grader is trying to get to the next essay ASAP and is on the fence, an easy-to-grade paper could tilt the scales to the next 5-point increment.
Five points don’t seem like a lot, but remember that we’re not trying to get you to write a treatise and score a 90-100. We just want maybe a couple of 70s and a couple of 65s. We want something that’s comfortably above the bare minimum. An average written raw score of 65 should do it, whether you’re taking the two-day General Bar Exam or the one-day Attorneys’ Exam.
More important, if you overcome those deficiencies, if things click and you can figure out how to get 5 extra points on one essay (consistently), you can repeat the process on ALL five essays.
That is to say, a “5-point insight” could be worth 25 extra points!
With the next part, though, you may not even have to capture all 25 extra points.
2) PR + PT
This strategy was inspired by a reader of mine, Perry S.
Professional Responsibility (PR) is a subject that is practically guaranteed to appear as an essay.
(It’s not 100% guaranteed to appear. For instance, it didn’t show up as an essay in 2015 February and 2007 July, although ethics showed up as a theme for the PT-A in both administrations.)
The performance test (PT) is worth 200 out of the 700 raw points for the written portion of the California Bar Exam (or for the entire Attorneys’ Exam). In other words, the PT is worth 2 essays, and you get 1.5x the time allotted. Even though it’s worth 14.3% of your overall score, the points are highly concentrated.
Many bar takers ignore the PT until the last moment (if at all). Or they might rely on their “lawyer-like” writing skills to wing it.
It would behoove you to focus on these two areas: the PR essay and the PT, since we know they will show up on the California bar.
Let’s say we aim for a respectable score of 65-70 on PR and PT. You can then make do with 55-60s on the rest of the essays—assuming you do well enough on the MBE to get a scaled score of at least 1440 (roughly 130 questions correct).
It doesn’t take a great answer to get a 55! Knock the PR and PT out of the park, and you get a homerun.
For the nerds (which you are, don’t deny it), open the below spoiler to see how I derived the above assertion:
Therefore, nailing the PR essay and the PT gives you more leeway and slack on the rest of the essays on the California Bar Exam. Perfect for those who are on the weaker side when it comes to essays.
It’s one way to prioritize your focus. Better than obsessing over predictions at least (and getting mad when they actually leak).
The Tripod Approach to passing the California Bar Exam
Take the PR + PT approach above, and also be solid on the MBE subjects, which you should as it accounts for half your score and overlaps with the majority of the essays.
We now have three key components to a minimally effective approach to preparing for the California Bar Exam:
- MBE: 50% of overall score, and accounts for 3-4 of the subjects tested across the 5 essays
- PR essay: 1/7 of written score, or about 7% of overall score
- Performance test: 2/7 of written score, or about 14% of overall score
This is a three-prong triage approach that focuses on the MBE, PR, and PT in your bar preparation that accounts for well over 70% of your overall score by stabilizing a few key areas that you know will be on the California Bar Exam.
Now that’s what I call a big win!
Since you KNOW these few concentrated areas will show up, you can make sure you stabilize these few key areas and then coast on the rest, while letting everyone else cry about predictions.
The coaching client I mentioned in the beginning just needs to get the PR and PT down solid (and keep up the MBE), and he is home free. Imagine the relief from making this his last time.
And you can do this, too!
Here’s how to prepare for the California bar with the Tripod Approach:
Here’s how to prepare for each “leg” of the tripod:
Get one or more of these excellent resources:
- Strategies & Tactics for the MBE (7th edition, Volume 1). Includes a broad selection of issues and sets not available anymore, like the OPEs (Online Practice Exams). Absorb its contents from cover to cover. Do it again
- AdaptiBar. My review here. Get a $30 coupon by signing up for my popular weekly emails.
- UWorld MBE QBank. My review here (including comparison with AdaptiBar). Get a 25% discount with this link.
(Pick just one of AdaptiBar or UWorld.)
Most people find the questions on the MBE similar to the ones tested in the past. The past will guide your future. One person told me that he thinks they take old questions and just change the information.
There are only so many ways they can test you! They’re called fact PATTERNS for a reason.
Professional Responsibility Essay
PR is typically an open-ended racehorse essay (“What are L’s ethical obligations?”). Focus on identifying as many relevant issues as possible. Punch the grader in the face with clearly identified issues and sub-issues rather than the nuances of the rules.
- Plenty of past California essay questions here
- Get a BarEssays subscription to see what actual high-scoring answers look like (get a coupon by signing up for my popular weekly emails)
- Some essay answers in my essay answer bank
- Want an updated condensed outline of PR rules and a checklist and flowchart of issues? Check out Magicsheets and Approsheets (and use the “issue checking” technique to systematically ensure you get down all the issues)
This is one area where quantity beats quality. You want to get exposed to a variety of PTs and know how to organize them and do them in time.
- I’ve heard good things about Mary Basick’s California Performance Test Workbook
- Find my free PT toolkit by (once again) signing up for my popular weekly emails (I’ve also heard many good things about my PT toolkit)
Common mistakes regarding the PT:
- Letting the PT be a submarine missile that comes out of nowhere because you ignored it for weeks
- Not finishing in time (my PT toolkit suggests how to prevent this)
Lastly, you may want to consider doing the PT first in the afternoon session on Tuesday if you want to use your post-break brainpower on it first.
All that said, don’t just blow off the other (CA-specific) subjects! This approach shifts your attention to cover the most predictable areas, but that alone doesn’t guarantee you’ll get the scores you need.
Leave a comment below to let me know what you think about this proposed Tripod Approach.