Suggested Resources & Supplements for Bar Preparation

The choices out there are overwhelming.

👉🏻 Quick list
👉🏻 Featured supplements

Investing in resources is an indicator of success, but you also shouldn’t just buy everything willy nilly. The more choices you have, the more confused you’re likely to be (and waste time on things that ultimately don’t help).

You don’t need to go berserk and get your hands on everything out there. No need to overcomplicate things or go broke. Do your due diligence, pick a few resources that will work for you, and scrape all the meat off the bone.

So what are you supposed to buy?

Well, I did the testing for you, as well as gather intel on what seems to be working for other bar takers. I’ve tried some that helped me pass the bar on my second attempt, and I’ve tried some that didn’t add any value. I won’t include the latter.

Here’s a collection of study tools that should give you the most bang for your buck. In fact, below is everything you need to practice for the bar exam or at least the MBE. Just add water and practice. In other words, all the information and materials are out there. You just have to USE them.

Please note that some of the links below are affiliate links, and at no additional cost to you, I will earn a small commission (like 4% or less on Amazon) if you decide to make a purchase.

Quick notes to the most effective supplements for…

Which one should you get? You can improve your MBE with any of these excellent tools.

S&T has a broad selection of questions (over 750 questions including a full simulated exam) as well as excellent explanations, which is where you learn after doing the questions.

Get UWorld or AdaptiBar if you have the budget. AdaptiBar has almost all the official questions and a robust platform (compare your performance against others using it). Get UWorld if you prefer a lower cost and visual explanations. Check out the AdaptiBar trial here and the UWorld trial here. Review comparing both here.

  • Essays in CA? (see info, samples, and $25 coupon below, as well as my review here)
  • Essays in general? Look for previously administered essays and sample answers from the NCBE or your state bar (see, e.g., links below for UBE/MEE). See other states’ released answers if your state does not provide model answers.
  • PTs/MPTs? I’ve put together a PT guide (step-by-step approach to answering a PT, strategies (including how to not run out of time), templates, and more). You can get it for free by signing up below. Unlike the MBE or essays, there’s nothing to memorize, and PTs may be better learned through exposure to a variety of them over trying to deeply understand each answer. The M/PT is a practical skill that doesn’t require prior knowledge.

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Click to jump to the description of a featured resource, tagged by sections of interest:

CA-specific resources:

UBE-specific resources:

Additional guidance:

Emanuel’s Strategies & Tactics for the MBE Volume 1 (7th edition)

This is the MBE bible.

It’s great (and may be the only MBE supplement you need) because it comes with 750+ representative MBE questions that are all genuine and were previously administered (now including 30 real Civ Pro questions and the author’s explanations in the 7th edition). I encourage you to study with the real deal (see why).

Each subject is prefaced with a discussion of the tricky areas and how to deal with them. Some subjects have an overview of the major topics. There will be tips that revolve around multiple choice in general. The 200-question practice test at the back can be done to gauge your progress sometime in the final month leading to the bar.

How to use: Read the primer for each subject, answer every question on a separate sheet, and analyze their explanation in their entirety, including (A) through (D) for each question, including questions you get correctly.

So essentially, go through the book cover to cover (which is what I did). It’s worth it. Hey, I never said you wouldn’t have to put in the work.

Emanuel MBE

So what does it look like inside? Pics incoming:
Subject overview

Link: 7th edition (2019)

Get it in very good condition at least so that you don’t see the previous owners’ markings.

If you have the 6th edition, you can still make good use of it. Decide whether these key differences in the 7th edition are worth it to you:

  • 30 actual Civ Pro questions (with explanations by the author). Civ Pro questions were author-written in the 6th edition
  • New questions that have been tested more recently in other subjects

If you don’t have either the 6th or the 7th edition, get the 7th edition. If you’re using UWorld or AdaptiBar, then you can keep the 6th edition.

"If I had to use one single resource to learn the law, it would be Emanuel's S&T . . . . If I had to use one resource to memorize, it would be Brian's Magicsheets."

I do not recommend the 5th edition.

Strategies & Tactics for the MBE Vol. 2

This is the expansion to Volume 1, containing different questions. It’s in a format where the answer appears right beneath the question. If you’re doing a question for practice, you’ll have to carefully cover the answer as you do each question.

The valuable feature in Vol. 2 is how the questions are categorized into labeled topics. For example, Q45 on page 166 is filed under Chapter 5 Formal Proceedings – I. Grand Jury Proceedings – A. Self-incrimination and immunity.

For better or worse, some headings contain answer spoilers for the concepts. For example, Q46 on page 167 is filed under B. No right to have attorney present in grand jury room, which gives away the answer.

Nonetheless, if you liked Volume 1, this is great for additional authentic MBE questions, especially if you know or want to improve on specific issues.

How to use: Get it as an optional add-on to Volume 1. Don’t get it without Volume 1. Use as a supplement for specific issues.

What it looks like inside (from the 2nd edition):
Question (1)
Question (2)
Table of contents (index)

Link: 3rd edition (2020) (comes with 375+ more questions not found in the 7th edition of Volume 1)

UWorld or AdaptiBar (below) is another excellent addition or alternative to the above Emanuel’s books. Both license past exam questions from the NCBE.

What about Civ Pro? There aren’t a lot of questions to practice with.

The 7th edition of S&T now includes 30 Civ Pro Qs.

You can get official Civ Pro questions from the 7th edition of S&T, AdaptiBar, or the official NCBE MBE study aids. Note that some study aids may not come with explanations.

For free Civ Pro MBE questions…

  • BarPrepHero has a practice exam with 30 Civ Pro questions here, not written by the NCBE
  • The NCBE offers 10 sample questions here
  • Check this post for an unnecessarily exhaustive list of Civ Pro questions sorted by free/paid and real/unofficial


This is an online platform for MBE practice. If you’re on the fence, take a look at my detailed review.

This program is web-based and accessible via PC (desktop or laptop) and mobile devices. It automatically adapts and adjusts to your individual strengths and weaknesses.

It comes with all of the NCBE-released questions. In total, there are approximately 2,172 MBE questions (all original NCBE-released questions + 200 simulated Civil Procedure questions + 15 new Real Property questions + 210 official 2017 Study Aid questions + 200 new NCBE questions from 2021). Subject performance and timing analysis feedback are provided. In addition, the program allows users to create printable PDF reports of questions that were answered incorrectly.

AdaptiBar will adapt to your strengths and weaknesses (hence the name), analyze your timing, create printable reports of questions and answers you got wrong, and generate practice exams.

Sign up or find additional information regarding the program here.

To sweeten the deal, grab an offer code for $30 off. Let me know where to send it.

If you’re re-enrolling, there’s a substantial discount, no need for a coupon.

Testimonial as to why AdaptiBar

Link: Sign up for AdaptiBar here ($365 with coupon / $245 if re-enrolling)

BarMax’s MBE Question Bank is an alternative to AdaptiBar, including over 1,750 real MBE questions and software analytics. ($399)

UWorld MBE QBank

The new player on the MBE block. UWorld is a strong alternative to AdaptiBar.

If you’re on the fence, take a look at my detailed review. Direct comparison of AdaptiBar UWorld here.

UWorld offers an online MBE question bank with thorough visual explanations, charts, etc. Feedback is where the learning happens, and the explanations are where UWorld shines.

The QBank comes with 1,575+ most recent licensed questions (including 200 of the newest questions released in 2021) and a total of 2,200+ questions, with new questions regularly developed by their legal team. Older NCBE questions are not used but are reformulated to reflect current testing styles. More features coming…

Should you get AdaptiBar or UWorld?

Get AdaptiBar if you want more robust analytics and all 1,942 available NCBE-licensed questions. Note that older questions (from 1992 or before) may be less representative of current exam questions.

Get UWorld if you prefer to learn from simplified, visual explanations at a lower cost. UWorld offers 1,575+ of the most recent licensed questions and constantly develops new ones. UWorld reformulates any questions in older formats to the current style, and doesn’t offer outdated questions.

You can also check out the trials for both to see which you prefer:
AdaptiBar trial
UWorld trial

Get $40+ (10%) off the UWorld MBE QBank through this exclusive link.

Law in a Flash cards

I bought 6 boxes of these to patch up my weak subjects.

They were especially handy when I had to be out, like when I was waiting in line at Starbucks to buy some scones to bribe a friend to give me used Barbri books, and I could whip out a few cards from my wallet to learn some tricky Evidence concepts. Or when I was trying to learn about federal jurisdiction while waiting inside a noisy store.

I’m generally against flashcards, but I have to admit that working through the various hypothetical scenarios helped explain the concepts.

LinkList of LIAF products


You don’t want to listen to lectures anymore? There’s no time to outline the ridiculous amounts of law, you say? You just want to get to the point and memorize and practice?

These battle-tested condensed outlines are organized in logical groups and indentations such that issue identification and memorizing are half done for you.

Link: Stop being overwhelmed with all the law with Magicsheets

I also have the perfect companion tool for attacking the essays below…


Even if you know all the law, you still need to present all the relevant issues and rules. You get ZERO points for an issue that you never raise, even if you know the rule for it. An IRAC can’t sprout from a seed that’s never planted.

Use these field-tested essay approach sheets (one page per checklist or flowchart) to make sure you’re answering each essay completely. If you don’t know how to begin or finish your essay, these roadmaps are intended to guide you through your essays in a sequential, systematic manner.

Link: Go from blank page to finished essay with Approsheets

Approsheets complement Magicsheets, and a bundle is available through either link.

California-specific resources

[CA only]

One of the most popular resources if you’re studying for the California Bar Exam.

What does it look like inside?

If you’re wondering what makes a passing essay vs. what doesn’t on the California Bar Exam, this is a large repository of actual graded essays and PTs submitted by those who didn’t pass.

But this doesn’t mean the essays are all sub-par! While there are essays scored 40 and 50 that show what is not passing material, there are essays that earned 75, 80, or even 85.

The advantage of this repository is the variety of real answers you can study.

The State Bar’s selected answers are top of the top answers. It’s unrealistic that your essay answers will look like them, although you could study these ideal answers to learn how to apply any rules you’re confused about. One answer taught me Rule 12(b)(6) because some nerd had written a treatise on it.

There are over 3,000 essays that you can search by subject, range of score, year/month, and even typed/handwritten/both (for anyone who wants to see handwritten answers). Some have grader commentary.

These essay examples are useful after you outline or write out an essay to check whether you discussed relevant issues and rules and used the facts properly. I’d look at least one below 65, at 65, and one above 65, with grader commentary if available.

High scorers tend to discuss all the issues and much of the nuances—but do not necessarily have excellent rule statements or analyses. While you want to look like the 70-75+ people, you’ll notice that they don’t always look like the impossible Barbri answers. These are real answers you can compare to see where you stand.

Link: Sign up for here ($124 standard / $174 premium with code)

For those in my Future Attorney Secret Club, I have an offer code that will save you $25 on a subscription. Not in on it yet? Oh look, there’s a convenient form here to join and get that code right away…

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[CA only] Past California essays and performance tests

These might be the only free things you get from the CA State Bar. They release exam questions from each administration of the past 5 years.

Link: State Bar of California – Past Exams (essays and PTs)

Where to find more CA essays and PTs:

Downloadable CA essays, PTs (including links to similar MPTs), and sample answers going back to 2001

Going back to the 1980s to 2016, in text format: Focus on the most recent ones.

If you need to quickly find California essays organized by subject, check this out:

Here is a community-managed CA essay locator, a list of essays organized by subject (and partially by issues). This is editable, so please feel free to add notes that may help yourself or others.

[CA only] Essay Exam Writing for the California Bar Exam (Mary Basick)

Also known as the “Basick blue book.” This was recommended to me by one of my readers, Deborah. See why in our convo here.

This is continued to be recommended by CA bar takers in the private Facebook group.

Link: Amazon (2nd edition covering 2018 P.R. rules)

[CA only] California Performance Test Workbook

This was recommended to me by Steph, who passed the bar on the second try after being in prison for 32 years.

This book “shows California Bar Exam applicants how to take the Performance Test from beginning to end, emphasizing the skills necessary to successfully write a passing exam answer. The text provides specific instruction on time management and offers numerous examples and tips on how to handle common pitfalls.” It also seems to include analyses of 6 PTs. Click below to take a peek inside.

Link: Amazon

[UBE] Past MEE essays, MPTs, and model analyses

Past essays and PTs/MPTs and answers/analyses are available for download from the NCBE (some free, some paid):

  • MEE study aids ($15 per Q&A for one recent exam within 5 years)
  • MPT study aids ($25 per MPT and Point Sheet for one recent exam within 5 years)

Also check these links to find more MEEs, MPTs, and model answers than you’ll ever need.

Fck the Bar: Take Your Place at Counsel Table

Jessica Klein at FTB Bar Prep made the first five chapters of her book free, available here. Get the whole book here.

More resources available at Fck the Bar.

Until I Pass

Academic Dean at UC Davis Law co-authored a book with a repeating California bar taker. This book is a letter from someone who understands the repeater experience, to someone who just had this experience.

Get the book here.